RESTORATIVE

RESTORATIVE

DENTAL BRIDGES

Dental bridges are used to replace one or more missing teeth. When there is one or more teeth missing in the mouth, the surrounding teeth are in danger of becoming loose and falling out. Missing teeth can also cause temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ), shifting of the teeth, change in bite, speech impediments, and an increased risk of periodontal disease. There are 3 main types of dental bridges available: 
  • Traditional fixed: A traditional fixed bridge consists of two or more crowns and one or more filler teeth. Also, known as the fixed bridge, the traditional bridge requires the surrounding tooth or teeth to be shaped for the crown, and they are made of porcelain fused to either metal or ceramics. Fixed bridges are the most commonly used bridge in the dental community.
  • Cantilever Bridge: The cantilever bridge is mainly used for the teeth located at the back of the mouth, because those teeth are known to be under minimal stress. Dentists normally only recommend using this bridge when there are only teeth on one side of the empty spot. 
  • Resin-Bonded Bridge: A resin-bonded bridge is also known as the Maryland Bridge and is typically used for any missing front teeth. This bridge is made up of a porcelain tooth bonded in the middle of a small metal plate, to make wings on either side. The two metal wings are constructed to have a porous surface for the bonding agent to be applied between the wing and the surrounding teeth. 
Recovery after receiving a dental bridge usually takes a few weeks to be able to fully use your new bridge. Patients are advised to eat soft foods for the first few weeks and slowly migrate to tougher foods It is normal for patients to notice an increase in sensitivity to extreme temperatures for the first few weeks as well.  


DENTAL CROWNS

Crowns- If the patient has a tooth that is no longer stable or the same size/shape of the rest of their teeth, the dentist may recommend a crown. Crowns are created with a variety of materials that will blend with the shape and shade of the rest of the teeth. Crowns are used for a multitude of reasons along the lines of:
  • Support and coverage of tooth
  • To attach a bridge 
  • Repair a damaged tooth 
  • Prevent a weak tooth from breaking 
  • To repair discolored or misshapen teeth
  • To repair a discolored or misshapen implant
The procedure for a dental crown consists of preparing the tooth, taking impressions of the area, and applying the crown. Preparing the tooth includes removing part of the tooth to help stabilize the crown and to fit well. The area around the tooth will be numbed with local anesthesia so the patient feels no pain. Next, the dentist will take impressions of the teeth and gums with a putty or paste. Once the impressions are made, the dentist will apply a temporary crown and send off the impressions to a laboratory to have a custom made crown created. The laboratory will normally take about two to three weeks to finish the crown. Once the dentist has received the crown from the lab, the temporary crown can be removed and the permanent crown will then be cemented to the tooth. The different types of dental crowns are: 
  • Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal (PFM) crowns have the ability to match the color of the patient's teeth. These crowns are made to model natural teeth and are second only to all-ceramic crowns. PFM crowns are known to wear down surrounding teeth more than a metal crown would, and the porcelain portion of the PFM can also break or chip. 
  • All-Ceramic or All-Porcelain crowns are known to be the best looking match of natural teeth. PFM or gold crowns are much stronger, the all-ceramic crowns are well known to wear down surrounding teeth more than a metal or resin crown would. 
  • Resin Crowns are the most affordable of the different types of dental crowns. Patients generally steer away from this dental crown because they are more susceptible to chips, fractures or breaks and tend to wear noticeably over time. 
  • Metal Crowns are made from a metal alloy that may include gold, platinum, palladium or other elements. Metal crowns tend to preserve the most amount of tooth structure of the different types of crowns.They rarely chip or break, making them ideal contenders for biting and chewing forces. The biggest downfall of a metal crown is the metallic coloring. 


DENTURES

Dentures are a removable replacement for missing teeth. They are designed to help the patient resume everyday habits such as chewing, biting, speaking, and improve their smile. The lack of teeth around the mouth can lead to a collapsed, sunken look around the mouth-area. By replacing the empty space with dentures, this look will disappear and give the patient a new smile and confidence. The three different types of dentures to choose from are:
  • Complete or Full Dentures which are only essential for patients who have lost all or most of the teeth on either arch in their mouth. 
  • Fixed Partial Dentures are for patients missing only a few teeth. This is also known as a “crown and bridge” and needs to be meticulously placed, specifically when in between healthy teeth. 
  • Removable Partial Dentures are typically used in patients who don’t have enough teeth for a full denture but too many for a fixed denture. 


DENTAL FILLINGS

A dental filling restores decayed, damaged or worn teeth. If the teeth are not regularly cleaned, bacteria will eat away at the enamel until little holes appear in the teeth. Modern dentistry has created a filling that can be customized to the color of the rest of the teeth. The filling will be practically invisible to the naked eye, but over time the fillings are known to fade in color. If the filling is noticeably changing in color, one quick visit to the dentist will fix the coloring.  

VENEERS

Veneers are thin, custom-made shells that the dentist will bond to the front of the damaged tooth. Veneers are a quick and easy way to a beautiful smile. The advancements of technology have helped improve the lifespan of the veneers to be 20 years or more. The two types of veneers are:
  • Porcelain / Indirect Veneers which are custom made by a laboratory and applied to the teeth by the dentist. They are known to repel stains better than a composite veneer and model the sparkle of a natural tooth. A couple appointments are needed for this process: the first for the dentist to take an impression of your teeth, and the next to prepare the natural tooth and bond the veneer to create a beautiful new smile. 
  • Composite / Direct Veneers are much more efficient and simpler to apply than porcelain veneers. These can be set and bonded during one visit and the cost is much more affordable. Composite veneers require less preparation of the natural tooth because they are designed to be much thinner than porcelain and veneer. This type is the ideal choice because it can expand and contract with natural fluctuations in tooth size.    


SAME DAY ZIRCONIA CROWNS

We are proud to say that we are one of the first in the Myrtle Beach Area to bring our community the new same day Cerac Zirconia crown. This crown is made from zirconia, a type of crystal that is long lasting, virtually indestructible, and compatible with the human body. An advantage of receiving this crown is that it does not wear teeth down as other crowns do, excluding the gold grown. A disadvantage of this crown is that it is monolithic in color and not translucent.


ESSIX APPLIANCE

The Essix Appliance is a clear plastic retainer that flows snugly to the contours of the teeth. This appliance is also known as a retainer, which is used to hold the teeth in place once braces are removed. 


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