HYGIENE

HYGIENE

DENTAL SEALANTS

Dental Sealants are used for the prevention of cavities. Dental Sealants are a thin plastic coating or barrier that is added to the surface of the tooth. The sealant protects the tooth from bacteria, food and plaque; all of which can cause cavities. Sealants are very successful in preventing bacterial formation that causes tooth decay and other damage. The procedure for applying the dental sealant is fairly quick, usually only takes a few minutes to apply to each tooth. First the dentist will clean the tooth, dry it and paint on the plastic sealant to the enamel. A special light will be held up against the tooth to complete the bonding process. This coating prevents bacteria, food and plaque from attacking the enamel. Sealants are helpful for children and adults, and may need to be reapplied every few years. 


FLUORIDE

Fluoride is a natural strengthening and prevention agent for patients of all ages. This natural substance is found in water sources and certain foods such as meat, fish and eggs. Being a supplement, Fluoride, is available in toothpastes, vitamins, rinses and professional treatments from dentists. For children it is extra important to receive fluoride treatments to ensure extra protection against cavities from their developing teeth. Dentists may also use fluoride treatments on patients who are at a heightened risk of decay, including patients with: poor oral hygiene, eating disorders, drug or alcohol abuse, poor diet, tooth enamel defects, active cavities. 


TEETH CLEANING

Regular visits to the dentist are recommended twice a year, usually every 6 months, in order to screen for any potential problems and to maintain proper oral hygiene. Working closely with the dentist, the dental hygienist will be provide t dental cleaning essential to keep the teeth clean and healthy. Tartar and plaque can build up and cause inflammation and disease if left untreated, so it’s important for the dental hygienist to remove all tartar, plaque, and to polish the teeth to remove stains. Regular brushing and flossing of your teeth are only small parts of preventative dental care. A professional teeth cleaning also helps with the prevention of gingivitis and other periodontal diseases. 


DENTAL PROPHYLAXIS

Dental prophylaxis is a teeth cleaning procedure and crucial part of the process to stop the progression of gingivitis and periodontal disease. Gum disease is caused by a buildup of bacteria that calcifies on the patient’s teeth. Patients are known to refer to the buildup deposits of bacteria and calcium or other minerals as tartar, while, dentists often refer to it as plaque or calculus. Dental prophylaxis teeth cleaning appointments are usually scheduled for between two and four visits a year. The frequency of the visits often depends on the presence of certain bacteria that can cause tooth decay or periodontal disease, immune system of the patient, age, diabetes, medications that may be drying the patient’s mouth, and more. 


TEETH WHITENING / BLEACHING

Teeth whitening or bleaching products are used to brighten teeth that have been stained or darkened by food, drinks, tobacco use, age or injury. In office teeth whitening, also referred to as chairside bleaching, takes place during a course of treatments at the dentist's office. A few reasons to choose in-office teeth whitening instead of take home whitening include: dentist supervision, safe and simple, quick, no sensitivity.On the other hand, take-home bleaching solutions are known to help improve color and the overall brightness of the teeth, are more affordable and quite simply, can be just as effective as the in-office care. The dentist will provide the patient with customized impression trays, whitening gel, and whitening powder, which generally improves the whiteness of teeth after just a few days. 


FULL MOUTH DEBRIDEMENT

Full mouth debridement is a procedure needed when the deposits of bacteria like plaque and tartar build up, normally after the patient has neglected to have regular teeth cleanings for a while. Because of the substantial amount of deposits, it is difficult for the dentist to accurately assess whether gum disease, tooth decay or other problems are present and to what extent. 


SCALING AND ROOT PLANING

Scaling and root planing is a treatment that occurs when gum disease is discovered in the patient’s mouth. Gum disease is known as an inflammation of the gum tissue that may affect the teeth and supporting bone in the mouth. The biggest contributors to the development of gum disease include plaque bacteria, acids and certain foods. Dental scaling is performed with an instrument called a scaler to scrape away any tartar or plaque that has built up beneath the gums. Plaque is often developed in pockets between the gums and teeth. These pockets grow as the disease progresses, which is known to cause the teeth to loosen and eventually fall out. Once the scaler is used to remove the plaque and tartar, the treated area will be rough and uneven. Root planing is performed to smooth the root of the tooth so the gums can heal and reattach to the tooth properly. If needed, anesthesia or sedation can be used. To prevent bacteria from growing in the mouth, antibiotics or irrigation with antimicrobials may be prescribed. Patients are normally able to resume their normal activities immediately afterward with little-to-no pain. 


ARESTIN

Arestin is a an antibiotic applied by the dentist. The antibiotic is inserted by the dentist into the infected gum pocket or pockets.This medication is often used alongside root planing and scaling for maximum results. 


VERSAH DRILLS

Versah Drills are specially designed to create space in the bone for an implant. Unlike traditional dental drilling, where systems focus on the removing of the bone to make space, the Versah Drill focuses on expanding and densifying the bone. The drill works by expanding the bone and improving the implant stability resulting in potentially earlier loading of the implant. This process is known as osseodensification. 


CONE BEAM RADIO-GRAPH

Cone Beam Radiograph, also known as CBCT, 3D image or Tomographic image, provides the dentist with information from the maxilla or upper jaw, to the base of the skull and down to the mandible, the lower jaw. This information is vital because the dentist is viewing key landmarks of the anatomy such as nerves, veins, the floor of the sinus cavity, arteries and a myriad of details and information. 


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